Foot Care in Diabetics: Risks and Advice

Diabetes is a disease that affects millions of people worldwide and can have a significant impact on foot health. Diabetics are at higher risk of developing foot complications due to neuropathy and poor blood circulation. That’s why it’s crucial for diabetic patients to pay special attention to foot care to prevent serious problems. 

Risks for Diabetic Feet

One of the most serious side effects of diabetes is damage to the nerves and blood vessels in the feet, which can lead to a series of complications such as ulcers, infections, and amputations. Below are the main risks.

Diabetic Neuropathy

It’s a common complication of diabetes that affects the nerves of the feet. This can cause loss of sensation, tingling, burning, or pain in the feet. The lack of sensitivity may lead diabetics to not perceive injuries or wounds on their feet, increasing the risk of serious infections.

Poor Blood Circulation

Diabetes can also affect blood circulation in the feet, making wound healing difficult and increasing the risk of foot ulcers. Poor circulation can lead to serious complications such as gangrene and amputation.

Calluses and Ulcers

Lack of sensitivity in the feet can lead to the formation of calluses and ulcers, especially in pressure areas such as the heels and the sole of the foot. These lesions can become open wounds that are difficult to heal and increase the risk of infection. 

Symptoms of Foot Problems in Diabetics

Some of the most common signs and symptoms of foot problems in diabetics include:

  • Change in the color of the skin on the feet.
  • Swelling or edema in the feet.
  • Foot pain, especially at night.
  • Foot ulcers that do not heal.
  • Thick or deformed nails.
  • Loss of sensation in the feet.
  • Tingling or numbness in the feet.

Pay close attention to these symptoms to prevent serious complications over time. 

7 Tips for Foot Care in Diabetic Patients

The best way to prevent foot problems in diabetics is to take measures to control diabetes and keep the feet healthy. Here are some things you can do to prevent foot problems.

Inspect your feet daily: It’s important for diabetic patients to check their feet daily for cuts, blisters, calluses, ingrown toenails, or any other type of injury. If they have difficulty seeing the bottom of their feet, they can use a mirror or ask a family member for help.

Keep feet clean and dry: It’s essential to wash your feet daily with warm water and mild soap. After washing them, it’s important to dry them carefully, paying special attention to the areas between the toes.

Moisturize the skin: Applying moisturizer to the feet, avoiding the areas between the toes, can help prevent dryness and cracking of the skin.

Trim nails carefully: It’s important to trim the nails of the feet carefully and in a straight line to avoid ingrown toenails. If they have difficulty cutting their nails, it’s advisable to see a podiatrist.

Wear proper footwear: Diabetic patients should wear comfortable shoes that fit properly and protect their feet from injuries. It’s important to avoid wearing tight shoes or shoes with internal seams that may cause rubbing.

Regularly monitor blood glucose: Keeping blood glucose levels within the recommended range can help prevent nerve damage and poor blood circulation affecting the feet.

See a podiatrist regularly: It’s essential for diabetic patients to see a podiatrist at least once a year for a comprehensive foot evaluation and personalized recommendations.

You may also be interested in: When to See a Podiatrist? Discover How to Take Care of Your Feet 

Consult our Podiatrists

At Formé Medical Center, we have a team of podiatrists specialized in caring for the feet of diabetic patients. Our professionals have extensive experience in managing foot-related complications in people with diabetes and are committed to providing comprehensive and personalized care to each patient.

If you’re diabetic or have a loved one with diabetes, don’t hesitate to call us at 9147234900 or contact us to schedule a consultation with one of our podiatrists. We’re here to help you take care of your feet and prevent serious complications.