Migraines are one of the most painful headaches you can experience. They begin when something triggers a nerve in your head. The nerve sends a burst of electrical activity into your brain that causes a cascade of events, affecting blood vessels and nerves. The result is an agonizing migraine.
Many things can trigger a migraine. However, the most common include:
- Stress (70% of people report stress is a trigger)
- Lack of sleep or an irregular sleep schedule
- Drinking alcohol
- Changes in the weather
- Strong odors
- Certain foods
The foods most likely to trigger a migraine include chocolate, cheese, artificial sweeteners, and caffeine. Foods containing the additive monosodium glutamate (MSG) and histamine-rich foods also cause migraines.
Foods with a lot of histamines include fermented foods, dried fruits, eggplant, spinach, shellfish, aged cheese, and cured meats.